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India tally of 10 Nobel prizes

India tally of 10 Nobel prizes

India tally of 10 Nobel prizes
October 15
11:20 2019
The Nobel Indians:    Three Bengalis, three Tamilians, one Punjabi and one from MP, and two foreigners who worked in India are the atleast 10 Nobel laureates recognised from India so far. Kolkata can claim to have produced half these Nobel men and women rightly. Most born there while a few worked there. They include, Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore (1913), CV Raman (1930), Amartya Sen (1998) and the latest, Abhijit Banerjee (2019).
The two foreigners, Mother Theresa (1979) and Ronald Ross (1902) also did their work in Kolkata. However, Ronald Ross discovery of the malaria parasite was made in Hyderabad and the work recognised for the Prize.
 Now, coming to the Tamilians, the list includes, CV Raman, Subramanian Chandrasekhar and Venky Venkatraman. Interestingly, none of them did any work in Chennai. While CV Raman did his monumental work on Raman Effect in Kolkata, S Chandrasekhar, was born in Lahore (Pakistan) became a US citizen and worked his entire life on Physics. His work on black holes won him the Nobel after nearly 50 years in 1983.
Venky Venkatraman, though born in Chidambaram in Tamil Nadu, moved to Gujarat and passed out of MS University, Baroda. After that his work has been in the US and UK’s Cambridge Labs.He won the Nobel in Chemistry in 2009.
Hargobind Khorana is the lone Punjabi and also only one from North India to win the coveted prize for Medicine way back in 1968. He was born in Kabriwala, Pakistan. He did outstanding work In genetics and was rewarded when he was a US citizen. Kailash Satyarthi, the 2014 winner for Peace happens to be the only Indian, whose work in India has won him the global recognition. Hailing from Madhya Pradesh, he shared the prize with Malala Yusufzhai, the Pakistani teenager.
Satyarthi has done remarkable work in freeing child labour and rehabilitation.
Amartya Sen and Abhijit Banerjee, the only two from India to win the Nobel Prize in economics coincidentally were recognised for their studies on Poverty alleviation. While Sen, was an Indian citizen when he got the prize in 1998, Abhijit, born in Kolkata is an American citizen now. Interestingly, his wife and a top economist, Esther Duflo (French) also from MIT and Kremmer from Harvard shared the prize for 2019.
  The first Indian to win the Nobel, Rabindranath Tagore (1913) for Literature was completely desi by birth and his works.  Ronald Ross on the other hand was posted in Kolkata and did his work on the malarial parasite (also in Hyderabad), for which he won the 1902 prize in Medicine.
Mother Theresa, the Albanian born  nurse, who made Kolkata her home and founded the Missionaries of Sisters of Charity and became an Indian for all practical purposes won the 1979 peace prize.
Pakistan Connection: A very interesting feature is also the fact that 3 Nobel Laureates are born in present day Pakistan—-Khorana, S Chandrasekhar and Abdus Salam. Thankfully Pakistan has not claimed the first two but on the contrary disowned Abduls Salam (1979 Physics winner) for his being an Ahmediayya Muslim.
Photo Courtesy: Google

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